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NEWS: Amun-re goldsmith tomb uncovered in Draa Abul Naga necropolis on Luxor’s west bank

The tomb was discovered along with a number of others by an Egyptian archaeological mission led by Mostafa Waziri (Source: Ahram Online).

“In a gala ceremony held in Draa Abul-Naga necropolis on Luxor’s West Bank, Minister of Antiquities Khaled El-Enany announced the discovery of an 18th Dynasty tomb of god Amun-Re’s goldsmith, Amenemhat (Kampp 390), and a Middle Kingdom burial shaft for a family.

Luxor Governor Mohamed Badr attended the ceremony as well as members of parliament, the Greek and Cypriot ambassadors to Egypt, as well as China’s cultural attaché and the Swiss head of mission.
The discovery was made by an Egyptian archaeological mission led by Mostafa Waziri. The newly discovered tomb includes of an entrance located in the courtyard of another Middle Kingdom tomb, Kampp 150.

The entrance leads to a squared chamber where a niche with a duo statue depicting the tomb owner and his wife is found on one end. The statue shows Amenemhat sitting on a high backed chair beside his wife who wears a long dress and wig.
Between their legs stands, on a smaller scale, a small figure of one of their sons. Waziri told Ahram Online that the tomb has two burial shafts: the main one for the tomb’s owner and his wife.
It is seven metres deep and has a collection of mummies, sarcophagi and funerary masks carved in wood along with a collection of ushabti figurines.
The second shaft was uncovered to the left of the tomb’s main chamber and bears a collection of 21st and 22nd dynasty sarcophagi subject to deterioration during the Late Period.
In the open courtyard, the mission stumbled upon a collection of Middle Kingdom burial shafts, where a family burial of a woman and her two children was unearthed. It includes of two wooden coffins with mummies and a collection of head-rests.
Osteologist Sherine Ahmed Shawqi, who studied the mummies’ bones, explains that early studies on these mummies show that the woman died at the age of 50 and that during her life she was suffering from cavities that led to abscesses in her jaw and a bacterial disease in her bones.
“This woman probably cried extensively as the size of her carbuncular are abnormally enlarged,” Shawqi said, adding that inside the coffin the head-rest of the deceased woman was found as well as a group of pottery vessels.
Studies on the mummies of her two children show that they were two adult males of age ranging between 20 to 30 years old. Both mummies are in a very good state of conservation with the bones still having mummification liquids.
Waziri asserted that one of the male mummies shows that he was suffering from cavities during his life while the second shows that it was probably put later in the same coffin because the bones were bare.
Archaeologist Mohamed Baabash, who is a member of the excavation team, said that during excavations the mission stumbled upon several funerary objects, some of which belong to the tomb owner.
Among the discovered artifacts are limestone remains of an offering table; four wooden sarcophagi partly damaged and decorated with hieroglyphic text and scenes of different ancient Egyptian deities; and a sandstone duo statue of a trader in King Tuthmose III’s temple named “Mah.”
A collection of 150 ushabti figurines carved in faience, wood, burned clay, limestone and mud brick was also unearthed. The mission also unearthed a collection of 50 funerary cones, 40 of which are evidence of the presence of other tombs belonging to four officials.
The exact location of the latter has not been yet found. These officials are Maati, Bengy, Rourou and vizier Ptahmes. The other stamps belong to Neb-Amun, the grain harvester and supervisor of Amun’s grain storehouses, whose tomb is probably TT145, and Nebsenu, the high priest of Amun whose tomb is probably Kampp 143″ – via Ahram Online.

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NEWS: Discovery of a new archaeological necropolis in Luxor

The Minister of Antiquities (Source: Egypt Today).

“Khaled Al-Anani; Minister of Antiquities and Mohamed Badr, governor of Luxor, announced the discovery of a new archaeological necropolis in Luxor city. 

According to Anani in a press release, a press conference will be held on September 9 to reveal more details about the new discovery. 
In an earlier statement, the head of the Luxor Antiquities Agency, Mustafa Waziri, said that he was confident that the new cemetery, to be announced on the western bank by the Minister of Antiquities, would be greater and more historic than the Userhat cemetery announced in April. 
According to Waziri, the tomb will be a big surprise. It outnumbered the statues discovered inside the Alushabti site last April. This necropolis contains 1,400 statues of different sizes, as well as coffins with mummies and masks belonging to the owner of the cemetery with painted colors preserved for thousands of years” – via Egypt Today.

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NEWS: Three Ptolemaic tombs found in Al-Kamin Al-Sahrawi

“During excavation work carried out at Al-Kamin Al-Sahrawi area, south east of Samalout Town in Al-Menia Governorate,an Egyptian archaeological mission from the Ministry of Antiquities discovered three Ptolemaic tombs.

Dr. Ayman Ashmawy, Head of the Ancient Egyptian Antiquities Sector at the Ministry explains that inside these tombs, excavators have unearthed a collection of sarcophagi of different shapes and sizes as well as clay fragments that date the tombs between the 27th Dynasty and the Greaco-Roman era. 

“A fact suggests that the area was a great cemetery along a long span of time,” asserted Dr. Ashmawy who describes the discovery as “very important” because it reveals more secrets of Al-Kamil Al-Sahrawi archaeological site,”He added that along the previous excavation work the mission succeeded to uncover about 20 tombs designed in Catacombs architecture, which was wide spread during the 27th dynasty and the Greaco-Roman time.

Ali Al- Bakry Head of the mission explains that the three newly discovered tombs have a different architecture design than the previously discovered ones. The first tomb is composed of a perpendicular burial shaft engraved in the rock and leads to a burial chamber containing four sarcophagi with anthropoid lids. Nine burial holes were also uncovered.

The second tomb consists of a perpendicular burial shaft and two burial chambers. the first chamber is located to the north, where remains of two sarcophagi are found suggesting that it was the burial of two people. A collection of 6 holes for burial were also found among them one was the burial of a small child.

“This was the first time to find a burial of a child in kamin Al-Sahrawi site,” Al-Bakry said adding that the second room is located at the end of the shaft and does not contain anything except of remains of a wooden coffin.

Excavation Works at the third tomb has not finished yet.

Al-Bakry pointed out that studies carried out on bones found show that the bones are for men, women and children of different ages, a fact affirms that these tombs was part of a large cemetery for a large city and not a military garrisons as some suggest.

The first excavation mission started in 2015 when the mission unearthed a collection of five sarcophagi of different shapes and sizes as well as remains of a wooden sarcophagus. The second session starts in October 2016 where five tombs were uncovered.

Four of them have similar interior design while the fifth consists of a burial shaft.

Works are under way in order to reveal more secrets.” – MOA press release 15/8/2017 (via The EEF).

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NEWS: King Tut’s Wife May Be Buried in Newly Discovered Tomb

This shot of the Valley of the Kings shows the tomb entrances at Thebes in Egypt (Source: Live Science).

“Famed archaeologist Zahi Hawass and his team say they’ve found evidence of a tomb that could belong to King Tut’s wife.  

The archaeologists eventually plan to excavate the new tomb, which is located near the tomb of the pharaoh Ay (1327-1323 B.C.) in Egypt’s Valley of the Kings, Hawass told Live Science.
“We are sure there is a tomb there, but we do not know for sure to whom it belongs,” Hawass told Live Science in an email. On July 7, National Geographic Italia published an article in Italian suggesting that a team led by Hawass had found a new tomb in the Valley of the Kings, and Hawass confirmed that discovery to Live Science. [See Photos of Egypt’s Valley of the Kings]

“We are sure there is a tomb hidden in that area because I found four foundation deposits,” Hawass said, explaining that the foundations are “caches or holes in the ground that were filled with votive objects such as pottery vessels, food remains and other tools as a sign that a tomb construction is being initiated.”
“The ancient Egyptians usually did four or five foundation deposits whenever they started a tomb’s construction,” Hawass said. Additionally, “the radar did detect a substructure that could be the entrance of a tomb.”

As for whose remains were buried there, Hawass said the tomb could belong to Ankhesenamun, who was the wife of Tutankhamun (reign 1336-1327 B.C.). Ankhesenamun married Ay after King Tut died, so it’s possible that her tomb is located near Ay’s, Hawass said.

Hawass said he will direct the future excavations at the site.
Hawass was head of Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities between 2002 and 2011, and was Egypt’s first minister of state for antiquities after the post was created in January 2011. He resigned from the post in July 2011. Currently, Hawass is Director of the Italian expedition in the Valley of the Kings.
Update: In an email to Live Science on July 10, Hawass cautioned that until excavations take place, he can’t say for sure that a tomb has been discovered, and it is still possible that there is no tomb. “It is all possibilities until we excavate,” Hawass said.” – via Live Science.

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NEWS: Cachette of 17 mummies unearthed in Egypt’s El-Minya

Egyptian Antiquities Minister Khaled el-Enany (C) speaks to the media on May 13, 2017, in front of mummies following their discovery in catacombs in the Touna el-Gabal district of the Minya province, in central Egypt (Source: Ahram Online).

“Tuna Al-Gabal archaeological site, near Upper Egypt’s El-Minya, buzzed Saturday with journalists who flocked in to catch a glimpse of a newly discovered cachette of mummies, dating from the Late Period.

During excavation work in the area, which neighbours the birds and animals necropolis, a mission from Cairo University stumbled this week upon the cachette — a term that describes an unmarked burial site used to house multiple mummies and protect them from looting.
Mission head Salah El-Kholi told Ahram Online that the cachette includes 17 non-royal mummies wrapped in linen and very well preserved. It was found by chance through a radar survey carried out in collaboration with experts from the university’s faculty of science in early 2016 that revealed hollow ground.
El-Kholi said the mummies were found in burial shafts along with a collection of eight limestone sarcophagi, two of which were carved in clay. A number of baboon coffins were also found.

Minister of Antiquities Khaled El-Enany described the discovery as important because it is the first made in the area since the discovery of the birds and animals necropolis by Egyptologist Sami Gabra between 1931 to 1954.
The discovery adds to a spate of recent finds at sites across Egypt. Most recently, a mission from the antiquities ministry stumbled upon the almost intact funerary collection of Userhat, the chancellor of Thebes during the 18th dynasty, in the Draa Abul Naga necropolis on Luxor’s west bank.
El-Enany told reporters about this week’s cachette discovery at a gala ceremony attended by El-Minya governor Essam Al Bedewi, the ambassadors of Belgium, Hungary and Serbia and a number of top officials from the ministry and Cairo University.
El-Kholi said that both clay sarcophagi are anthropoid coffins, one of which is in good condition while the other is partly damaged. Two papyri written in Demotic and a gold decoration with the shape of a feather were also found.
“This feather could be decoration on the hair dress of one of the deceased,” El- Kholi said.
He said the papyri would be transferred to the Grand Egyptian Museum for restoration.
At a neighbouring site, the mission has also uncovered a number of Roman funerary houses made of clay. Inside they found a collection of different coins, lamps and other domestic items” – via Ahram Online.

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NEWS: Egyptian mummy’s name revealed after experts carry out project on a coffin lid held at Chiddingstone Castle

The Egyptian coffin lid on display at Chiddingstone Castle (Source: Kent Online).

“Experts have lifted the lid on the secrets of a 3,000-year-old Egyptian coffin, part of which is held at a Kent castle.

Managers at Chiddingstone Castle have completed their quest to find the name of the person whose mummy had been interred inside the coffin, the lid from which is on display in the castle.
Egyptologist and imaging specialist at UCL Advanced Imaging Consultants and Cerys Jones, a PhD candidate in imaging applied to heritage, carried out a multispectral imaging of the coffin lid and an infrared filter was able to spell out the name on the lid, written in the pigment Egytian blue, which fluoresces in the infrared when the light is applied.
After consulting with other experts in the USA and Egypt, Dr Piquette announced that they were “relatively certain” that the person interred was called Irethoreru. Translated, the name is “The eye of Horus is against them”, a fairly common male name used between 664 BC and 30 AD.

With the help of different imaging and processing methods, the team were also able to find two figures of what appeared to be seated goddesses on either side of the central inscription.
Castle curator Maria Esain said: “Our Ancient Egyptian coffin lid that has been exhibited here for many years has undergone some careful conservation and advanced digital imaging. There is a saying from ancient Egyptian times – “To speak a man’s name is to restore him to eternal life.” Therefore, if we were able to determine the name written in hieroglyphs on the ‘foot’ of the coffin then we would be enabling that person to live forever.”
The coffin lid is now back on display in its improved display case with additional LED lighting to make the inscription more visible.
It comes a few months after experts used a CT scan to find out the age of Ta-Kush, the 2,700-year-old Egyptian mummy at Maidstone Museum.
The castle’s ancient Egyptian collection is among a number of artefacts on show at the castle, including a Japanese collection, Buddhist artefacts and a Stuart collection.

Chiddingstone Castle is open Sundays to Wednesdays and Bank Holiday Monday. For details go to chiddingstonecastle.org.uk” – via Kent Online.

 

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NEWS: Studies on newly discovered pyramid point to 13th Dynasty King Kamaw

(Source: Ahram Online).

“Preliminary studies on hieroglyphs found in newly discovered pyramid ruins in the Dahshour necropolis have revealed a cartouche of the 13th Dynasty King Emny Kamaw, Adel Okasha, director-general of the Dahshour necropolis, told Ahram Online.

Okasha said that offering texts are engraved on the ruins, as well as a female name of the king’s family.

Okasha said that excavation work is ongoing to reveal more of the pyramid’s secrets.
Earlier this week, an Egyptian mission from the Ministry of Antiquities uncovered remains of the pyramid.
Okasha says that the structure is composed of a corridor leading to the inside of the pyramid, a hall leading to a southern ramp, and a room at the western end.
An alabaster block measuring 15cm by 17cm has been found in the corridor, engraved with 10 vertical hieroglyphic lines that are still being studied.
A granite lintel and a collection of stony blocks showing the interior design of the pyramid have also been uncovered” – via Ahram Online.