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Egyptomania #1

The first post for a new feature which will bring you a glimpse of our obsession with ancient Egypt from the nineteenth century to the present day.

Today’s post takes a look at some of the many artistic tourism posters that were popular from the 1920s to the the 1950s.

  Source: (https://www.pinterest.com/ilanakapra/actully-on-my-wall/).

 

Source: (http://art-canyon.com/tag/egypt-posters/).

 

Source: (https://www.pinterest.com/maureenfritsch1/travel-posters/).

 

Source: (http://ericbrownportfolio.com/illustration).

 

Source: (https://www.pinterest.com/waywardhen/vintage-travel-posters-places-ive-been/).  

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NEWS: German archaeologists find 2 statues of goddess Sekhmet in southern Egypt

“A group of German archaeologists found two statues of Sekhmet, the Ancient Egyptian goddess of war and destruction, during work at a dig in the ruined city of Luxor, in southern Egypt, the Egyptian Antiquities Ministry reported Sunday.

The two black granite statues were discovered by the German team making excavations at the funerary temple of Pharaoh Amenhotep III (1410-1372 B.C), which is located on the west bank of the Nile at Luxor, 700 km (435 mi.) south of Cairo, the ministry said in a statement.

The first statue, measuring 174 cm (68.5 in.) high and the lower portion of which is still buried at the site, represents the goddess Sekhmet seated on a throne.

Meanwhile, the second statue in the head of a lioness, which is how Sekhmet was often depicted by the ancient Egyptians, measures 45 cm (17.7 in.) high.

The announcement of the find said that the two pieces were discovered in the southwestern portion of the Hall of the Large Columns in the temple of Amenhotep III, which is a huge patio covered by ruins.

According to the communique, the area was hit by a strong earthquake about 1200 B.C., some 150 years after the temple was built, and builders used stones from the previous construction to erect several new temples there” – via The EEF.

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NEWS: Hieroglyphic – Demotic stela discovered in Taposiris Magna

“The SCA Archaeological Mission in collaboration with the Catholic
University of Santo Domingo – Dominican Republic – working at
Taposiris Magna Site – North Coast succeeded in discovering a
limestone stele inscribed with Hieroglyphic and Demotic inscriptions.

The Minister of Antiquities, Dr. Eldamaty stated that the discovered
stele contains 20 Hieroglyphic lines with royal cartouches of king
“Ptolomy V” whom the stele was inscribed during the seventh year of
his reign. Cartouches of Ptolomy’s wife and sister, Queen “Cleopatra
I”, his father, King “Ptolomy IV” and his wife “Arsinoe III” also
appear.

The Demotic inscriptions that lie at the bottom of the stele consist
of five lines of a text that seem to be a translation and a copy of
the previous Hieroglyphic lines. Eldamaty added that the stele is
a 105 cm. length, 65 cm. width and 18 cm. thick.

The Antiquities Minister stressed that the importance of this discovery
lie in the different scripts forming it, resembling the Rosetta Stone
which was inscribed in the ninth year of king “Ptolomy V” ‘s reign
which means two years after this Stele was inscribed.

The stele is an exact copy of the stele of Philae Temple – Aswan which
dates back also to king “Ptolomy V” that reflects the king’s offering
a huge area of Nubia to the goddess Isis and her priests.

On the other hand, Chief of the Dominican Egyptian Mission, Dr.
Kathleen Martinez added that the mission has been working for six
years at Taposiris Magna Site and made a lot of important discoveries
concerning the history of Alexandria in general. Some of the major
discoveries are tombs of Nobles and a number of statues of the goddess
Isis in addition to many bronze coins belonging to Queen ‘Cleopatra'” – via The EEF.

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NEWS: Graeco-Roman necropolis discovered in Alexandria

2015/01/img_2366.jpgPots that have been discovered (Source: Ahram Online).

“Illegal excavations carried out by tomb raiders underneath a residential house in Alexandria have uncovered a Graeco-Roman necropolis.

Minister of Antiquities, Mamdouh Eldamaty, told Ahram Online that the necropolis, in the Gebel Mahran area, includes a collection of tombs called loculi, which are holes engraved in a rock-hewn wall.

The tomb raiders unearthed a collection of artefacts including 20 clay lamps, 18 glass bottles and a large number of clay pots.

Eldamaty said the pots give us a view of the pot industry during that period.

The Ministry of Antiquities is to send an archeological mission to the site to continue excavations and reveal more of these tombs.

The Tourism and Antiquities Police caught the criminal red-handed and they are now under investigation” – via Ahram Online.

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NEWS: Ancient Al-Amir Wall unearthed in Ismailiya

2015/01/img_2358.jpg(Source: Ahram Online).

“During development work at an archaeological site near the New Suez Canal archaeologists have uncovered the Middle Kingdom Al-Amir Wall, which was previously only known from ancient documents.

Mohamed Abdel-Maqsoud, head of the development project of archaeological sites at the Suez Canal, said that the wall consists of a number of forts constructed of mud bricks with defensive trenches and barricades to prevent any attacks on Egypt from its eastern gate.

Four of the newly discovered forts, he went on, are dated to the 18th and 19th dynasties of the New Kingdom, while the others are from the Hyksos reign but all have wave breakers to prevent water of the Pelusium Nile branch to leak inside during the flood and the water of the Mediterranean Sea, located at its northern side, in winter.

A harbour connecting the Pelusium Nile branch with the Mediterranean Sea was unearthed near the wall.

“This harbour was not only a port for trade but a customs point as well,” said Abdel-Maqsoud.

Abdel-Maqsoud pointed out that Al-Amir Wall was known from a papyrus relating the escape story of Vizier Senouhi out of Egypt during the reign of King Amenemhat III. The papyrus mentioned that the Al-Amir Wall was a great obstacle during Senouhi’s flight out of Egypt because it was a huge and strong fortified structure.

In collaboration with the Ministry of Defense, said Minister of Antiquities Mamdouh Eldamaty, a panorama project like the one of Panorama October War on Al-Orouba street in Heliopolis, is to be established in an attempt to show Egypt’s military history in ancient times.

It will also display the different architectural styles of military structures and the system used to protect Egypt’s eastern gate” – via Ahram Online.

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NEWS: Tomb of Queen Khentkaus III discovered in Abusir

/home/wpcom/public_html/wp-content/blogs.dir/aa7/37768912/files/2015/01/img_0556.jpg(Source: Luxor Times).

“The Minister of Antiquities announced today a new discovery of an Old Kingdom tomb in Abusir for a Queen who wasn’t known before called “Khentkaus III” during the excavations of the Czech Institute of Egyptology directed by Dr. Miroslav Barta.

The mission unearthed 23 limestone pots as well as 4 copper tools as a part of the funerary furniture for the tomb owner.
The side rooms of the discovered tomb have inscriptions mention titles of the tomb owner includes “Wife of the King” and “Mother of the King”.

Dr. Miroslav Barta said ‘This discovery reveals an unknown part of the 5th Dynasty history which opens the door for more future studies on the family tree of this previously unknown Queen.’

Dr. Barta added ‘The unearthed tomb is a part of a small cemetery to the south east of the pyramid complex of King Neferefre (Raneferef) which led the team to think that Queen Khentkaus could be the wife of Neferefre hence she was buried close to his funerary complex.’

Dr. Jaromir Krejci,a team member of the Czech Institute of Egyptology mission working on the site said ‘The title of the Mother of the King discovered in the tomb is of an historical importance. If we can assume that the Queen was buried during the time of King Nyuserre (2445 B.C-2421 B.C) based on a seal bears his name was found on the tomb so we could say that Khentkaus III is the mother of King Menkauhore who was the successor of Nyuserre. This could also reveals more information on this King especially that we have a very few information on him.’

Kamal Wahid, Giza Antiquities director, said ‘The tomb is very similar to the rest of the burial in the cemetery which was unearthed by the Czech mission in the 90s. The upper part is a mastaba and a small offerings chapel and the burial chamber in the lower part which is reached through a shaft'” – via Luxor Times.

You can find more pictures here.

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NEWS: Middle Kingdom tombs discovered in Luxor

IMG_0518.JPGArchaeological works at the temple of Thutmose III in Luxor.

A team of Spanish archaeologists and Egyptologists have discovered two tombs with gold and silver jewellery from the Middle Kingdom (2050-1750 BC), under the temple of Pharaoh Thutmose III (1490-1436 BC), on the west bank of the Nile in the province of Luxor in southern Egypt.

As confirmed on Wednesday by the head of the expedition, Myriam Seco, below the temple is “a whole necropolis of the Middle Kingdom,” where, two days ago, the jewels of the lady were found. The body is of a woman of high class bearing two bracelets, a pendant of semi-precious stones and gold cylinders, and a silver anklet. The two gold bracelets are in perfect condition, although the silver jewellery is extremely deteriorated.

IMG_0526.JPG
The collection of jewellery including a stunning she’ll pendant (Source: Discovery News).

The tomb was previously located by geophysical surveys with GPR. This team has already dug fourteen graves “that were robbed in antiquity”, but in this case, the sarcophagus was buried by the collapse of the roof, also crushing part of the mummy, which prevented looting by thieves. Seco, who branded the collection as “beautiful and stunning”, emphasizes its importance, because there is little Middle Kingdom jewellery showing that stage of history.

“This find implies that these are people of nobility and the highest ranks of the Middle Kingdom were buried here” said the archaeologist.

These investigations are being conducted through a collaboration of the Fundación Botín, Santander and Mexican cement company Cemex – translated from the Spanish report which can be viewed here.

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