TT69 is the Theban tomb of Menna, the ‘Scribe of the Fields of the Lord of the Two Lands’. It is believed that he lived during the reign of the 18th Dynasty pharaoh, Thutmosis IV. Menna’s wife, Hennutawi, was a Chantress of Amun.
TT69 is located in Sheikh Abd el-Qurna which is part of the Theban Necropolis, and is a classical T-shaped tomb, typical of private Theban tombs. Although not completely finished, TT69 is one of the most completely decorated Theban tombs. The quality of the painting is astonishingly fine. Unfortunately, Menna’s images have been subjected to vandalism in antiquity – his face has been hacked out in order to prevent him receiving eternal life in the afterlife. Images of the god Amun have also been removed.
TT69 is well-known for it’s beautiful images of fishing, fowling, agriculture, and every day life. Depictions of the grain harvest are extremely detailed, revealing much about ancient Egyptian agricultural practices.
On the east wall (below), two registers depict Menna, seated surveying the work that is taking place in the registers before him. The scenes are very intensely detailed, and are to be followed from bottom to top, from the tilling of the land to the measurement of it, after reaping the harvest.
Other scenes depict the ploughing and seeding of the land, the harvesting of the crop, the threshing and winnowing of the grain, and the measuring of the grain.
The left wall of the inner chapel, depicts the funeral procession of Menna to Abydos. His sarcophagus is transported by barque and then pulled on a sledge. Offering-bringers carry equipment to Menna’s tomb, and mourners travel by barque.
At the far end of this wall, the scene depicts the weighing of Menna’s heart against the figure of the goddess Maat, who represented truth and order. Horus stands by the scales, rather than Anubis, and Thoth records the scene (below).
Eight columns of text surround Menna, which read:
“The scribe of the estate of the Lord of the Two Lands, Menna (partly erased), triumphant. He says: O my heart of (which comes from) my mother, O my heart of my mother, O my heart of my existence, do not rise up against me, with the keeper [of the balance] as a witness against me; do not be an enemy against me before the divine powers, do not cause a fall [of the scale] against me in the presence of the keeper of the balance, you who are my Ka which is in my body. The creator [the god Khnum] has made my limbs sound : come you forth [to] the happiness which we go to; pleasant it is for you, pleasant the hearing [on] the day of weighing of words.“
For a comprehensive description of TT69 including many images, see OsirisNet.