“Journalists, photographers and top officials flocked to a site south of Unas Pyramid causeway at Saqqara necropolis on Thursday to admire a newly discovered tomb that, according to experts, “will change the history of the necropolis.”
Archaeologists from Cairo University stumbled upon what is believed to be the tomb of Paser – Egypt’s royal ambassador to foreign countries during the late Ramesside period as well as the army archives holder.
The tomb is temple-shaped and consists of a portico entrance, pillars hall and a peristyle court, which contains the main burial shaft in the centre and opens directly onto a sanctuary with three rooms.
“It’s a vey important discovery that add more to Egypt’s history and political status with its neighbouring countries,” Antiquities Minister Mohamed Ibrahim told Ahram Online.
He explained that ancient Egyptian tombs are only found in two shapes – mastaba or rock hewn – but that this particular one is temple-shaped and ends with a peramidion, which means that the tomb’s designer used a new architect that combined the shapes of both temples and tombs.
The discovery also highlights Egypt’s political relationship with Far East countries during that period, Ibrahim said, as well as the importance of the Memphis necropolis (Saqqara).
Even though the capital had been transferred to Thebes (Luxor), he pointed out, Memphis was still Egypt’s administrative capital and the army’s settlement.
Horemhab, army chief in the early 18th dynasty, started to build his tomb in Saqqara but then decided to dig it in Luxor after he became a king, Ibrahim said.
Ibrahim is confident that future restoration of the tomb and the army necropolis at Saqqara will eventually attract more tourists, who will come not just for the Old Kingdom tombs but also the New Kingdom ones, which are unique in shape and different from those in Luxor.
“Although the tomb is unfinished, it depicts very distinguished and well-preserved wall decorations and scenes,” Ali El-Asfar, head of the ministry’s ancient Egyptian antiquities section, told Ahram Online” – via Ahram Online.
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